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Securing SAP Systems: Vulnerability Assessment and Penetration Testing

Introduction to SAP System Security

As a responsible SAP customer, it is vital to secure your SAP systems that support your business-critical processes. Ensuring proper SAP authorizations and implementing measures to harden your SAP systems are essential steps in protecting your business. It is crucial to understand whether these measures are robust enough and if any potential vulnerabilities have been overlooked.

SAP Vulnerability Assessment: The First Step

An SAP vulnerability assessment is typically the first step in securing your SAP systems. The assessment examines the SAP landscape from the ‘inside’ using credentials and valid authorizations. It provides a comprehensive overview of vulnerabilities and risks in your SAP systems, including configuration, program, user, and other weaknesses that could be exploited during real or simulated attacks.

SAP Penetration Testing: The Follow-Up

After implementing the recommended remediations from the vulnerability assessment, the next step is SAP penetration testing. This process tests the adequacy of implemented security mechanisms by attempting to break into your SAP systems using exploits. It is imperative to note that penetration testing should be performed only after systems have been hardened based on the results of vulnerability assessments.

Vulnerability Assessment and Penetration Testing

Although vulnerability assessment and penetration testing are both essential in protecting your SAP systems against security threats, they serve different purposes and should be deployed sequentially. Conducting a vulnerability assessment before penetration testing can provide valuable insights into the vulnerabilities and risks in your SAP landscape, making penetration testing more effective.

The Value of Prevention in SAP Security

Investing in preventative measures like vulnerability assessments and penetration tests is crucial to prevent security breaches. These processes help secure and harden your business-critical SAP systems and improve detection and incident response capabilities.


Securing SAP systems is a continuous process that requires a comprehensive and strategic approach. Understanding and effectively implementing vulnerability assessments and penetration tests can significantly enhance the security of your SAP landscape. If you need further advice or assistance in this area, reach out to security professionals who can help you find a solution that fits your specific needs.

About RedRays

RedRays specializes in safeguarding ERP systems against cyber threats and fraud. Our security solution are tailor-made for SAP and Oracle systems. Our renowned R&D team conducts vulnerability research and critical analysis of corporate applications.

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Initiating SAP Penetration Testing

►   Pentest, short for penetration testing, refers to a set of processes that simulate an attacker’s actions to identify security vulnerabilities. Companies